How to Set Up a Drum Set for Beginner (2018)

Setting up a drum kit is vital to ensure you will have a very steady base and even to prevent the drums from sliding away while playing your musical tunes. Moreover, it will help to stop you from having injuries and also performing at your best. Although, how to set up a drum set varies from individual drummers all over the world, but it is imperative to know some basic rules and then, apply them whenever you want to set up your percussion equipment, as this will help you to function at your optimum capacity.

Let us look at some of the viable ways you can quickly set up your drums and enjoy good quality sounds without hitches in any way. 

The Step by Step Guide on Setting up Drum Kit                               

1. Ensure that you have all the Drum Pieces Together

Get all the drum pieces you need with the cymbals, and the drum key ready. If you want to use a standard size drum kit, some of the parts you need to gather are the throne, crash cymbal, toms like floor tom, snare drum, hi-hat, bass drum with pedal, and ride cymbal. Additionally, another tool mentioned earlier is the drum key needed for loosening or tightening the bolts and nuts on the drums. It is also relevant if you want to replace a drum head or even if you're going to disassemble any of the drums for whatever reason. 

2. Position Your Drums on a Convenient Place

Locate a convenient place and position your drums. Do not put them too close to each other to give you enough room for playing and performing your musical tunes. Moreover, the instruments could be interfering with one another, if they are compacted together. Allocate bigger space to drum sets with more numbers of pieces to enable you to move your body naturally while handling this percussion gear.

3. Trace and Fix Any Problem or Fault with the Kit

Most of the times, some general issues with drum sets include bald rubber support feet, building up of dust and dirt, worn out drumheads, and squeaky kick drum pedals. Now that you want to set up your drum kit, it is advisable that you use the opportunity to trace and fix any fault with the musical equipment. This is good to avoid disassembling the device again due to maintenance issues.

4. Place the Bass Drum Should be at a Central Point                                                         

You should set the bass drum at a central point on the base where you want to use, and it is the first drum to be fixed. On top of this, you will continue building the other drums but set it up perpendicularly on the floor in a way that the head with a brand name that is the logo will point away from your sitting position.

5. Fix the Legs of the Bass Drum

Fix the legs by installing the two metal stands through the holes on the sides of the drum. Use the turning knob and tighten the brackets accordingly but ensure that the legs are well-positioned on the ground to provide balance if you attach other drums on top of the bass drum and even when you are performing or playing your tunes. In most cases, some stands usually come with rubber feet while others have spikes on the tips but are careful because the peaks may bore holes or create marks on the floor.

6. Attach the Foot Pedal or Kick Drum Pedal

Without the foot pedal, you cannot play the bass drum. Therefore, you must attach it to the bottom edge of this percussion device with a screw-on bracket. Then, you will slide the bottom side of the foot pedal by installing it from under the bottom center of the bass drum. Go ahead and tighten the upper part of the lever by turning its screw and it will hold itself in place by clamping onto the bottom edge of the bass drum. However, double bass pedals cannot be easily assembled due to their complex structures.

7. Position your Throne Immediately behind the Bass Drum

After setting up the bass drum and other accessories needed for playing it, the next thing is to position the throne immediately behind the drum and adjust its height accordingly to enable you to sit comfortably while playing the instruments. You can even test the height by sitting on it and hitting the drum with the pedal few times, but some drummers prefer sitting and bending their knees at an angle of ninety degrees. Anyway, you can adopt whichever position that befits your stature and height accordingly.

8. Install the Snare Drum on its Short Stand

You can install the snare drum on its short stand, which usually has three horizontal arms you can adjust. These arms have rubber fittings at the end meant to prevent them from shifting or moving when the drummer is playing. Then, spread the legs of the stand on the bottom and allow it to stand upright. Additionally, adjust and optimize the angles and positions of the arms with the device on it and place the snare at a horizontal angle convenient for you to play.

Harmonize the height of the snare by loosening the main nut and adjusting it through the telescoping central column. This will place it at a position where you can play it without hitting yourself. Moreover, if you are playing any style of music like rock, it is advisable to allow the snare to be placed close to the left of your kick drum in a way you can hit it even with your left hand easily.  

9. Arrange the Toms on Top of the Bass Drum

Arrange two toms on top of the bass drum using the metal bracket provided for you. You should install it the way you fixed the legs of the bass drum previously. Most bass drums come with two holes already made on its top while others come with only one for connecting the tom drums. Whichever one you have, it is advisable to compare it very well. For instance, if you have the one with two holes, fix the mounting poles separately on it and connect the drums accordingly, while if you have the one with one hole, you can use a central mounting pole to attach both toms carefully.

Experts suggest positioning the toms close to each other for quick and efficient switching between drums. With this procedure, you will optimize the toms in away that they are slanted towards each other and placed at an angle near to you if you are sitting on the throne (the stand).

10. Install the Legs of the Floor Tom

You can install the floor tom by loosening the knobs on its sides and inserting the legs. After this, you can tighten the nuts in a way the drums will be counterbalanced and rest over the feet. However, the floor tom has legs made of metal, which is thin and long with latex feet and a small bend enabling you to balance it from the edges of the drum. Do not forget to place your floor tom on the right side of the bass drum to allow you to use your right hand in playing it. You can also position it in front of the bass drum for quick accessibility.

Above all, ensure that the height of your tom is commensurate to the size of your snare. Continue optimizing the legs until it is even and horizontal to the snare drum accordingly.

11. Add the Bottom Cymbal to the Hi-hat Stand

With three legs on the ground and an attached pedal, this hi-hat stand supports the bottom cymbal without any screw. Simply add the cymbal to the stand after you have unfolded it but spread out the legs for enhanced stability. Make the cup-like side of the cymbal to point upwards by slanting the bottom hi-hat cymbal. Meanwhile, through the holes on the center, you can attach it onto your hi-hat stand conveniently.

Furthermore, there is a mechanism regarded as hi-hat clutch that holds the top hi-hat cymbal to the hi-hat stand but loosens the bottom nut on the hi-hat clutch.  Before the two felt pads inside the clutch, you should position the top hi-hat cymbal. Replace the hi-hat clutch on the stand and re-tighten with a screw. At this stage, you can access the set up by pressing the pedal down and hitting the cymbals simultaneously.

12. Fix the Ride Cymbal on its Stand

Place the ride cymbal on the right side of the drum above the floor tom and behind the bass drum. The stand has a curved bottom and three legs for stability and support. You will also find an upper part that is fixed at an angle. Place the ride cymbal very well between the two felt pads as you loosen the nut on the stand but spread out the legs to balance it. After fixing the cymbal, re-tighten the bolt in a way it can swing freely on the stand if you hit it.  Now, you can optimize and adjust the height of the cymbal to a convenient level and also tighten the knob for firmness. Remember to place the cymbal at a range where it will not obstruct if you are playing musical tunes on the drums.

13. Get the Crash Cymbals Attached to the Drum Kit

The crash cymbal is placed at the left side of the drum set, above the bass drum and behind the hi-hat as the case may be. You can install the crash cymbal just like your ride cymbals. It may have a stand with an adjustable arm or a separate and straight up stand where you can mount them. Whichever one it came with, don’t re-tighten the nuts too tightly to ensure the cymbals can freely move when you hit them.

14. Set Up our Drum Kit and Play Melodious Tunes

If you want to play melodious tunes with your drums, carefully set up your drum kit, as this will enhance your comfortability during your performances.


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